Leather tanning is the process of treating animal hides to make them suitable for use in clothing, furniture, and other items. The process involves soaking the hides in a solution of water and chemicals to remove the hair and fat, then treating them with tannins, which are natural compounds found in plants, to make them more durable and resistant to decay. The hides are then dried, dyed, and finished with oils and waxes to give them a desired look and feel. The process of tanning leather is an ancient art that has been practiced for centuries, and it is still used today to create some of the most beautiful and durable leather products available. The process is complex and requires a great deal of skill and knowledge to ensure the best results.
Leather finishing processes involve a variety of treatments to improve the appearance, feel, and durability of leather. Finishing processes can include dyeing, embossing, buffing, burnishing, and coating. Dyeing is the process of adding color to leather, and is usually done with aniline dyes. Embossing is the process of pressing a design into the leather, and is often used to create a unique look. Buffing is the process of polishing the leather to give it a smooth, glossy finish. Burnishing is the process of rubbing the leather with a hard object to give it a glossy, polished look. Finally, coating is the process of applying a protective layer to the leather, such as a wax or oil, to protect it from dirt and moisture. Each of these processes can be used to create a unique look and feel for leather products, and can help to extend the life of the leather.