Leather processing is a complex process that involves a variety of techniques to transform raw hides into usable leather. The type of leather processing used depends on the desired end product, as different techniques are used to create different types of leather. The most common types of leather processing are tanning, dyeing, finishing, and embossing. Tanning is the process of preserving the hide by treating it with chemicals, oils, and other agents. This process helps to make the leather more durable and resistant to water and other elements. Dyeing is the process of adding color to the leather, either through natural dyes or synthetic dyes. Finishing is the process of adding a protective coating to the leather, such as wax or oil, to help protect it from wear and tear. Embossing is the process of creating a pattern or texture on the leather, either through stamping or engraving. All of these processes are important for creating different types of leather, and each type of leather requires a different combination of these processes to achieve the desired result.
Leather finishing is the process of treating leather to make it more durable and attractive. Finishing can involve a variety of techniques, including dyeing, oiling, waxing, buffing, and burnishing. Dyeing is the process of adding color to leather, and can be done with either aniline or pigmented dyes. Oiling is the process of applying a protective coating to the leather, which helps to keep it soft and supple. Waxing is the process of applying a wax-based product to the leather, which helps to protect it from dirt and moisture. Buffing is the process of using a soft cloth to buff the leather, which helps to bring out its natural shine. Burnishing is the process of using a hard object to rub the leather, which helps to bring out its natural luster. All of these techniques can be used to finish leather, and the choice of which technique to use will depend on the desired look and feel of the finished product.